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Animated Outline of Isaiah 5
I. Song of the Vineyard 5:1–7
A. Story of a Vineyard and Its Fruit 1–2 Click to expand
- Let me sing for my beloved
my love song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.
- He dug it and cleared it of stones,
and planted it with choice vines;
he built a watchtower in it,
and cut out a wine vat in it;
Then he looked for it to yield grapes,
but it yielded bad grapes.
B. The Listeners Asked for a Verdict 3–4 Click to expand
- “Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and men of Judah,
judge between me and my vineyard.
- What more could have been done for my vineyard
than I have done for it?
When I looked for good grapes,
why did it yield only bad?
C. The Decision of the Owner 5–6 Click to expand
- Now I will tell you
what I am going to do to my vineyard:
I will take away its hedge,
and it will be destroyed;
I will break down its wall,
and it will be trampled.
- I will make it a wasteland,
neither pruned nor cultivated,
and briers and thorns will grow there.
I will command the clouds
not to rain on it.”
D. The Application to Judah 7 Click to expand
- The vineyard of the LORD Almighty
is the house of Israel,
and the men of Judah
are the garden of his delight.
And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed;
for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.
II. Bad Grapes: Indictment of God’s People 8–24
1. Woe: Land Grabbing 8–10 Click to expand
- Woe to you who add house to house
and join field to field
till no space is left
and you live alone in the land.
- The LORD Almighty has declared in my hearing:
“Surely the great houses will become desolate,
the fine mansions left without occupants.
- A ten-acre vineyard will produce only a bath of wine,
a homer of seed only an ephah of grain.”
2. Woe: Partying and Revelry 11–12 Click to expand
- Woe to those who rise early in the morning
to run after their drinks,
who stay up late at night
till they are inflamed with wine.
- They have harps and lyres at their banquets,
tambourines and flutes and wine,
but they have no regard for the deeds of the LORD,
no respect for the work of his hands.
a. Therefore 1 13 Click to expand
- Therefore my people will go into exile
for lack of understanding;
their men of rank will die of hunger
and their masses will be parched with thirst.
b. Therefore 2 14–17 Click to expand
- Therefore the grave enlarges its appetite
and opens its mouth without limit;
into it will descend their nobles and masses
with all their brawlers and revelers.
- So man will be brought low
and mankind humbled,
the eyes of the arrogant humbled.
- But the LORD Almighty will be exalted by his justice,
and the holy God will show himself holy by his righteousness.
- Then sheep will graze as in their own pasture;
lambs will feed among the ruins of the rich.
3. Woe: Mocking Divine Justice 18–19 Click to expand
- Woe to those who draw sin along with cords of deceit,
and wickedness as with cart ropes,
- to those who say, “Let God hurry,
let him hasten his work
so we may see it.
Let it approach,
let the plan of the Holy One of Israel come,
so we may know it.”
4. Woe: Inverting God’s Standards 20 Click to expand
- Woe to those who call evil good
and good evil,
who put darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter.
5. Woe: Self-Approved Wisdom 21 Click to expand
- Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes
and clever in their own sight.
6. Woe: Partying and Inverting Social Justice 22–23 Click to expand
- Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine
and champions at mixing drinks,
- who acquit the guilty for a bribe,
but deny justice to the innocent.
a. Therefore 3 24 Click to expand
- Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw
and as dry grass sinks down in the flames,
so their roots will decay
and their flowers blow away like dust;
for they have rejected the law of the LORD Almighty
and spurned the word of the Holy One of Israel.
III. The Vineyard Ravaged: Announcement of Punishment 25–30
A. The Final Therefore 25 Click to expand
- Therefore the LORD’s anger burns against his people;
his hand is raised and he strikes them down.
The mountains shake,
and the dead bodies are like refuse in the streets.
Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away,
his hand is still upraised.
- He lifts up a banner for the distant nations,
he whistles for those at the ends of the earth.
Here they come,
swiftly and speedily!
- Not one of them grows tired or stumbles,
not one slumbers or sleeps;
not a belt is loosened at the waist,
not a sandal thong is broken.
- Their arrows are sharp,
all their bows are strung;
their horses’ hoofs seem like flint,
their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.
- Their roar is like that of the lion,
they roar like young lions;
they growl as they seize their prey
and carry it off with no one to rescue.
- In that day they will roar over it
like the roaring of the sea.
And if one looks at the land,
he will see darkness and distress;
even the light will be darkened by the clouds.
Outline by Dr. Peter J. Gentry
from How to Read and Understand the Biblical Prophets
Text from the New International Version
Animation by Dr. Andrew M. Fountain