Andrew Fountain - David and Goliath

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Sermon notes - David and Goliath

It’d like to tell the story today of David and Goliath

  • It is often told as an “inspiriational tale”
  • The word “Goliath” is now used of anything big!

sumo wrestler and boy

sumo wrestler and boy

goliath insect

goliath insect

cartoon goliath

cartoon goliath

  • Story of Philistines (Palestine)
    • The Challenge
    • The vivid scene – 40 days one army in terror.
    • He defies them! They have no man who can save them.

1. What was God Doing in Israel at that Time?

  • In the beginning God created the world… Noah… Abraham… Exodus…
  • Judges rather than kings. difference? —king is sovereign head of state, dynasty
    • Needed a king, but God would rule them…
  • Was it right for them to have a king?
    • Back in Deut 17:14–20 they were told that one day they would have a king

Quick survey of 1 Samuel:

1–3
shows terrible condition of Israel. (Eli mistakes prayer for drunkenness. What does that say!)
  • His sons, who were to follow him, were evil men. The land was in chaos because no clear godly leader.
4–6
tells of the ark of the covenant.
  • They tried to manipulate God, but he showed his power.
7
God won a great victory through Samuel, but Samuel’s sons
  • … same old story. A problem.
Israel needed a king, but God was to rule over them.
How could this be resolved?
How could a king rule them and God rule them? …Christ.
8
Evil demand for a king - to be like the nations.
  • Rejected God. Wanted political and military strength.
  • Tangible power…no faith.
9–10
Saul chosen. What do we know about him? Tall, a champion (demonstrate “head and shoulders”). Hansome
11–12
God reveals the solution to problem - a king, but under God in covenant.
13–15
Saul rejects this. Refuses to obey God. Autonomous.
16
God raises up his own servant.
17
The great test of Israel. 40 days. (mean anything?)
Who was their champion?
Who should have been out there?
Who was Israel’s giant?
What happened to their security? …they failed.

goliath shaking fist

goliath shaking fist

Who should have been facing him?

This speaks to us:

  • We all have this tendency to look on outward things for our confidence. We like the tangible.
  • It is hard to trust God as our provider
  • it is so easy for us to “look at the nations” and adopt world’s values

2. David’S True Understanding


1 Samuel 17 - David and Goliath

  1. So David got up early in the morning and entrusted the flock to someone else who would watch over it. After loading up, he went just as Jesse had instructed him. He arrived at the camp as the army was going out to the battle lines shouting its battle cry.
  2. Israel and the Philistines drew up their battle lines opposite one another.
  3. After David had entrusted his cargo to the care of the supply officer, he ran to the battlefront. When he arrived, he asked his brothers how they were doing.
  4. As he was speaking with them, the champion named Goliath, the Philistine from Gath, was coming up from the battle lines of the Philistines. He spoke the way he usually did, and David heard it.
  5. When all the men of Israel saw this man, they retreated from his presence and were very afraid.
  6. The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? He does so to defy Israel. But the king will make the man who can strike him down very wealthy! He will give him his daughter in marriage, and he will make his father’s house exempt from tax obligations in Israel.”
  7. David asked the men who were standing near him, “What will be done for the man who strikes down this Philistine and frees Israel from this humiliation? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he defies the armies of the living God?”
  8. The soldiers told him what had been promised, saying, “This is what will be done for the man who can strike him down.”
  9. When David’s oldest brother Eliab heard him speaking to the men, he became angry with David and said, “Why have you come down here? To whom did you entrust those few sheep in the desert? I am familiar with your pride and deceit! You have come down here to watch the battle!”
  10. David replied, “What have I done now? Can’t I say anything?”
  11. Then he turned from those who were nearby to someone else and asked the same question, but they gave him the same answer as before.
  12. When David’s words were overheard and reported to Saul, he called for him.
  13. David said to Saul, “Don’t let anyone be discouraged. Your servant will go and fight this Philistine!”
  14. But Saul replied to David, “You aren’t able to go against this Philistine and fight him! You’re just a youth! He has been a warrior from his youth!”
  15. David replied to Saul, “Your servant has been a shepherd for his father’s flock. Whenever a lion or bear would come and carry off a sheep from the flock,
  16. I would go out after it, strike it down, and rescue the sheep from its mouth. If it rose up against me, I would grab it by its jaw, strike it, and kill it.
  17. Your servant has struck down both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine will be just like one of them. For he has defied the armies of the living God!”
  18. David went on to say, “The Lord who delivered me from the lion and the bear will also deliver me from the hand of this Philistine!” Then Saul said to David, “Go! The Lord will be with you.”
  19. Then Saul clothed David with his own fighting attire and put a bronze helmet on his head. He also put body armor on him.
  20. David strapped on his sword over his fighting attire and tried to walk around, but he was not used to them. David said to Saul, “I can’t walk in these things, for I’m not used to them.” So David removed them.
  21. He took his staff in his hand, picked out five smooth stones from the stream, placed them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag, took his sling in hand, and approached the Philistine.
  22. The Philistine kept coming closer to David, with his shield bearer walking in front of him.
  23. When the Philistine looked carefully at David, he despised him, for he was only a ruddy and handsome youth.
  24. The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you are coming after me with sticks?” Then the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
  25. The Philistine said to David, “Come here to me, so I can give your flesh to the birds of the sky and the wild animals of the field!”
  26. But David replied to the Philistine, “You are coming against me with sword and spear and javelin. But I am coming against you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel’s armies, whom you have defied!
  27. This very day the Lord will deliver you into my hand! I will strike you down and cut off your head. This day I will give the corpses of the Philistine army to the birds of the sky and the wild animals of the land. Then all the land will realize that Israel has a God
  28. and all this assembly will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves! For the battle is the Lord‘s, and he will deliver you into our hand.”
  29. The Philistine drew steadily closer to David to attack him, while David quickly ran toward the battle line to attack the Philistine.
  30. David reached his hand into the bag and took out a stone. He slung it, striking the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank deeply into his forehead, and he fell down with his face to the ground.
  31. David prevailed over the Philistine with just the sling and the stone. He struck down the Philistine and killed him. David did not even have a sword in his hand.
  32. David ran and stood over the Philistine. He grabbed Goliath’s sword, drew it from its sheath, killed him, and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they ran away.
  33. Then the men of Israel and Judah charged forward, shouting a battle cry. They chased the Philistines to the valley and to the very gates of Ekron. The Philistine corpses lay fallen along the Shaaraim road to Gath and Ekron.
  34. When the Israelites returned from their hot pursuit of the Philistines, they looted their camp.
  35. David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, and he put Goliath’s weapons in his tent.
  36. Now as Saul watched David going out to fight the Philistine, he asked Abner, the general in command of the army, “Whose son is this young man, Abner?” Abner replied, “As surely as you live, O king, I don’t know.”
  37. The king said, “Find out whose son this youth is!”
  38. So when David returned from striking down the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul. He still had the head of the Philistine in his hand.
  39. Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” David replied, “I am the son of your servant Jesse in Bethlehem.”

NET Bible


v25
Not a child (was given a wife!)
v28
Older brothers!
v34–36
David’s faith is not coming out of a vacuum. He has a track-record with God
v38–39
Why do you think Saul wanted David to wear his armour, including the helmet?
v45–47
David had a clear understanding of God’s plan for Israel. (Had the Spirit)
v49
Was he dead (yes) —stop reading now

David Kills Goliath

David Kills Goliath

  • He is making an allusion to Josh. 4:23,24 “He has done this so all the nations of the earth might recognize the LORD’s power”
    • A light to the nations (intended) - this is God’s purpose throughout.
    • this was putting out the light. This was the hope of the world
  • Unless we grasp this, we won’t understand the significance of many things that happened to Israel. e.g. CAPTIVITY.
    • We won’t understand God’s dealings with the church today.
    • We are the hope of the world
    • We have an awesome responsibility as God’s people.
  • It made David angry.. does it make you angry to see... ?
    • How dare they - the bride of Christ, his glorious redeemed.
    • Friends, it should anger us.
    But how is he so sure that he should be the one to save them?
  • Because he is the anointed king, the chosen one.

this brings us to the main teaching of the passage.

David and Goliath

  1. What was God doing in Israel at that time?
  2. David’s true understanding
  3. Our Champion

3. Our Champion

  • David was a picture of Christ, (annointed=Christ) the King of Israel,
    the willing servant who obeyed his father humbly.
  • Goliath was the enemy. Satan. Not just an interesting story. cut off head
    • Scaley armour
  • We are like those Israelites.
    We put our trust in man and have failed, yet God has not left us, but sent his champion, the Lord Jesus, to win a resounding victory.
  • This event was not to teach Israel that it needed more shepherd boys,
    • or even more faithful shepherd boys.
  • It needed God
    • Man will always fail by himself.
  • But this is the glorious message. We have a champion!
    • He has gone out and defeated sin on our behalf.
    • When we are threatened by temptation, no possible way out,
    • terrible fear, we don’t have to tackle it alone.
      • We have Christ. He has won!
      • We may overcome in the power of his victory.
  • Do we do this passively? There are some people who have the idea..
    • No, because Christ is in us, so can succeed with Christ’s help.

Colossians 1:29

  • For this I toil, struggling with all his energy that he powerfully works within me.
  • What is your giant?

FINALLY, how should this affect our lives?

  • Conscious of our behaviour - a light to unbelievers
    Anger, losing temper, irresponsibility, are we any different to them? salt?
  • Confidence. This same Christ is in us.
    Paul said he could do all things through Christ who strengthened him.
  • The Israelites wanted a king. I’ve been pondering how this relates to us.
    What is our equivalent?
    They wanted the security of a king like the nations had.
    What do people in the world fear? (Not for their lives)
    • afraid of having an empty, wasted miserable life.
  • Giants: Health break-down, death of loved one, unemployment, financial ruin, lonliness.
  • How do you believe you will find fulfillment?
    • It is easy for us to say... but what if God were to test us and take away the...
    • “Non-stop shopping for thrill seekers.”
  • May it be Christ who is our King, our chief joy.
    May our relationship with him mean more than any other.
  • May the Lord bless us his people.
    May we show forth Christ to this dark generation as his faithful servants looking to him for all our confidence and all our fulfillment.

Updated on 2015-09-25 by Andrew Fountain